siena college is honored to have the opportunity to recognize the life and exceptional achievements of doctor anthony s. fauci, a world-renowned physician and medical researcher.
dr. Fauci, a native of Brooklyn, New York, received his MD degree from Cornell University School of Medicine in 1966. He subsequently completed an internship and residency at New York-Cornell Hospital Medical Center, New York , ny. in 1968, dr. fauci joined the national institutes of health as a clinical associate with the national institute of allergy and infectious diseases (niaid). In 1980, he was appointed head of the niaid immunoregulation laboratory, a position he still holds.
dr. fauci was appointed director of niaid in 1984. as director, he oversees a broad portfolio of basic and applied research to prevent, diagnose, and treat infectious diseases such as hiv/aids and other sexually transmitted infections, influenza, tuberculosis, malaria, and possible diseases of bioterrorism agents. niaid also supports research on transplantation and diseases related to the immune system, including autoimmune disorders, asthma and allergies. Niaid’s budget for fiscal year 2010 was approximately $4.8 billion. dr. fauci serves as a senior adviser to the white house and the department of health and human services on issues related to global AIDS and on initiatives to strengthen public health and medical preparedness against emerging infectious disease threats, such as pandemic influenza.
dr. fauci has made many contributions to basic and clinical research on the pathogenesis and treatment of infectious and immune-mediated diseases. he has pioneered the field of human immunoregulation by making a series of basic scientific observations that serve as the foundation for the current understanding of the regulation of the human immune response. Also, Dr. fauci is widely recognized for delineating the precise mechanisms by which immunosuppressive agents modulate the human immune response. He has developed effective therapies for previously fatal inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener’s granulomatosis, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis. A 1985 Stanford University Arthritis Center survey of members of the American Rheumatism Association ranked the work of Dr. fauci on the treatment of polyarteritis nodosa and Wegener’s granulomatosis as one of the most important advances in the management of patients in rheumatology during the last 20 years.
dr. fauci has made significant contributions to understanding how the AIDS virus destroys the body’s defenses, leading to its susceptibility to deadly infections. he has also delineated the mechanisms of induction of hiv expression by endogenous cytokines. In addition, he has been fundamental in the development of highly effective strategies for the therapy of patients with this serious disease, as well as for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection. He continues to devote much of his research time to identifying the nature of the immunopathogenic mechanisms of HIV infection and the extent of the body’s immune responses to the AIDS retrovirus.
in 2003, an institute for the study of scientific information indicated that in the twenty-year period from 1983 to 2002, dr. fauci was the 13th most cited scientist among the 2.5 to 3 million authors in all disciplines worldwide who published articles in scientific journals during that time period. dr. fauci was the world’s most cited HIV/AIDS researcher from 1996-2006.
through the years, dr. fauci has served as a visiting professor at major medical centers across the country. He has delivered many important lectures around the world and has received numerous prestigious awards for his scientific achievements, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom; the national medal of sciences; the george kober medal of the american medical association; the mary woodard lasker award for public service; the albany medical center award in medicine and biomedical research; and numerous honorary doctorates from universities in the United States and abroad.
dr. Fauci is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Medicine (Board Member), the American Philosophical Society, and the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, as well as a number of other professional societies. They include the American College of Physicians, American Society for Clinical Research, American Medical Association, American Society for Infectious Diseases, American Association of Immunologists, and American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. he is a member of the editorial boards of many scientific journals; as editor of harrison’s principles of internal medicine; and he is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 1,100 scientific publications, including several textbooks.
In recognition of his lifetime of noble service as a physician, medical researcher, and public servant, the University of Siena honors Dr. Anthony S. fauci, the honorary degree, doctor of humanities.